A security operations center, or SOC(安全运营中心), is a team of expert individuals and the facility in which they dedicate themselves entirely to high-quality IT security operations. A SOC seeks to prevent cybersecurity threats and detects and responds to any incident on the computers, servers and networks it oversees. What makes a SOC unique is the ability to monitor all systems on an ongoing basis, as employees work in shifts, rotating and logging activity around the clock.
As opposed to a traditional IT department, a SOC staff primarily includes a team of highly experienced cybersecurity analysts and trained engineers. These individuals use a range of computer programs and specialized security processes that can pinpoint weaknesses in the company’s virtual infrastructure and prevent these vulnerabilities from leading to intrusion or theft.
The technologies SOCs employ include an arsenal of firewalls, probes, security information and event management systems and solutions that collect and monitor data as it moves across the various platforms and endpoints. The SOC team stays ahead of potential threats by analyzing active feeds, establishing rules, identifying exceptions, enhancing responses and keeping a close eye on possible vulnerabilities in the defenses they have already set up. Ensuring these programs comply with company, industry and government regulations is also a significant part of a SOC’s job.
SOCs use strategic methodologies and processes to build and maintain the company’s cybersecurity defenses. These procedures break down into the following identifiable tasks:
Each of these tasks is a critical function of SOCs that keeps the organization well-protected as a whole. By covering all of these bases, SOCs maintain control of the company’s array of systems and act immediately and intelligently if an intrusion occurs.