An information security policy (ISP) is a set of rules that guide individuals who work with IT assets. ISPs should address all data, programs, systems, facilities, infrastructure, users, third-parties and fourth-parties of an organization.
An information security policy aims to enact protections and limit the distribution of data to only those with authorized access.
Organizations create ISPs to:
Creating an effective security policy and taking steps to ensure compliance is a critical step to prevent and mitigate security breaches.
ISPs are important for new and established organizations.
Increasing digitalization means every employee is generating data and a portion of that data must be protected from unauthorized access.
Depending on your industry, it may even be protected by laws and regulations.
To make your security policy truly effective, update it in response to changes in your company, new threats, conclusions drawn from previous breaches, and other changes to your security posture.
An information security policy can be as broad as you want it to be.
It can cover IT security and/or physical security, as well as social media usage, lifecycle management and security training.
In general, an information security policy will have these nine key elements: